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DSM-5 Published, ‘Critical Guidebook for Clinicians’

 

DSM-5 Published, ‘Critical Guidebook for Clinicians’

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Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on May 19, 2013

The much-anticipated 5th edition of the reference manual mental health professionals use to classify and diagnose mental disorders — called the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders — was officially released today. The DSM-5, as it’s called, was published today after a 14 year revision process.

The manual is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).

The process included the analysis of hundreds of research studies published in the past two decades by multi-disciplinary, disorder-based workgroups. Then drafts of the proposed manual were published three times, resulting in over 13,000 comments, emails and letters from other researchers, clinicians and the public.

James Scully, Jr., MD, CEO of the APA, suggested that the DSM-5 will be a “critical guidebook for clinicians.”

“The manual is first and foremost a guidebook for clinicians,” reiterated David Kupfer, M.D., DSM-5 task force chair, who noted that the overall number of disorders remains largely the same as what appeared in the DSM-IV, the prior edition of the book. The number has stayed largely the same because new disorders have been offset by the combining or removing old, outdated disorders.

Details of the biggest changes made in the DSM-5 were first reported by us earlier today in a blog entry.

New disorders added since the publication of the DSM-IV nearly 19 years ago include Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (formerly known by clinicians as childhood bipolar disorder), mild neurocognitive disorder, binge eating disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. The latter two were first suggested in the DSM-IV, and were formally recognized as disorders by the DSM-5.

Childhood bipolar disorder has been recognized by some pediatric clinicians and researchers for over a decade. The DSM workgroup, however, decided that using a new term to describe this cluster of symptoms was more appropriate. Disruptive mood dysregulation is characterized by a child or teen under age 18 who exhibits persistent irritability and frequent episodes of extreme, out-of-control behaviors that cause significant distress in the child or teen.

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